Govt Sets Up National Agrarian Reform Team and Task Force
The Indonesian Government has established National Agrarian Reform Team that has responsibilities to set up Agrarian Reform policies and plans, coordinate and resolve obstacles in the implementation of Agrarian Reform, and monitor and report on the implementation of the Reform.
Presidential Regulation Number 86 of 2018 on Agrarian Reform, signed by President Joko Widodo on 24 September 2018, stipulates that the members of the National Agrarian Reform Team are as follows:
Chairman: Coordinating Minister for the Economy; members: 1. Minister of Agrarian and Spatial Planning / Head of the National Land Agency; 2. Minister of Finance; 3. Minister of Home Affairs; 4. Minister of National Development Planning / Head of the National Development Planning Agency (Bappenas); 5. Minister of Environment and Forestry; 6. Minister of Agriculture; 7. Minister of State-Owned Enterprises; 8. Minister of Villages, Underdeveloped Regions and Transmigration; 9. Minister of Maritime Affairs and Fisheries; 10. Minister of Cooperatives and Micro, Small and Medium Enterprises; 11. Minister of State Secretary; 12. Cabinet Secretary; 13. Presidential Chief of Staff; 14. Attorney General; 15. Commander of the Indonesian National Defense Forces (TNI); and 16. Chief of the Indonesian National Police (Polri).
“The National Agrarian Reform Team is administratively domiciled in the Coordinating Ministry of the Economy,” Article 18 paragraph (4) of the Regulation reads.
The Presidential Regulation also stipulates that Agrarian Reform Task Force is established in order to support the National Agrarian Reform Team. The Task Force shall be domiciled in the Central Government, Provincial governments, and Regency / City governments.
The responsibilities of the Agrarian Reform Task Force in Central Government, according to this Presidential Regulation, are: a. coordinating the provision of Land of Agrarian Reform Objects (TORA) in order to perform Asset Management at the national level; b. coordinating the implementation of Access Management at the national level; c. coordinating the integration of the implementation of Asset Management and Access Management at the national level; d. submitting report on the results of Agrarian Reform to the National Agrarian Reform Team; e. coordinating and facilitating the handling of Agrarian Dispute and Conflict; and f. supervising the implementation of the tasks of Provincial Agrarian Reform Task Force and Regency / City Agrarian Reform Task Force.
The composition of the Central Agrarian Reform Task Force is: Chairman: Minister of Agrarian and Spatial Planning / Head of the National Land Agency (BPN); Deputy Chairman: Deputy for Coordination of Energy, Natural Resources and Environment Management of the Coordinating Ministry for the Economy; Daily Chairman: Director General of Agrarian Management of the Ministry of Agrarian and Spatial Planning / Head of the National Land Agency (BPN).
Some of the Agrarian Reform Task Force members are from ministries and institutions that are members of the National Agrarian Reform Team.
“The aforementioned members shall be appointed by the Minister,” Article 19 paragraph (3) of the Regulation reads.
According to the Presidential Regulation, Provincial Agrarian Reform Task Force is led by Governor and Regency / City Agrarian Reform Task Force is led by Regent / Mayor.
The Presidential Regulation further stipulates that the subjects of Agrarian Reform shall: a. use and cultivate their own land; and b. comply with the provisions on the use of land according to the nature and purpose of rights granting and spatial plans.
“The subject of Agrarian Reform is prohibited from abandoning the TORA,” Article 25 paragraph (1) of the Regulation reads.
In the event that the subject of Agrarian Reform wants to transfer right of the TORA or change the function of the TORA, the subject shall obtain the Minister’s permission through the head of the local land office, the Regulation stipulates.
The Presidential Regulation was promulgated by Minister of Law and Human Rights Yasonna H. Laoly on 27 September 2018 and shall come into force on the date of promulgation.