Trade Minister: August Trade Balance Experiences Surplus of US$2.3 Billion
Indonesia’s trade balance in August 2020 experienced a surplus of US$2.3 billion, which is the third-highest achievement throughout 2020 after the trade surplus in July (US$ 3.2 billion) and February (US$ 2.5 billion), Minister of Trade Agus Suparmanto has said.
“The August 2020 trade balance was a surplus of US$2.3 billion. The weakening global demand put pressure on export performance in August 2020. However, the decline in export value that occurred was relatively low compared to the decrease in volume. Thus, this indicates that Indonesia’s export performance is still supported by relatively good global commodity prices. Apart from that, the trade balance surplus also helped the rupiah move to a positive level,” the Trade Minister explained.
Furthermore, the Minister said that the August 2020 trade balance became the support for the increase in the cumulative balance value for the January-August 2020 period, which reached US$11.1 billion. The balance value for the January-August 2020 period almost equaled the value of Indonesia’s trade balance for the whole of 2017, namely US$11.8 billion, which was the highest achievement of Indonesia’s trade balance since 2012.
“All of these indicate that Indonesia’s trade performance is still on the right track to support the improvement of national economic performance amidst global economic uncertainty due to the COVID-19 pandemic,” Agus said. According to him, the value of Indonesia’s exports in August 2020 was recorded at US$13.1 billion or decreased by 4.6% compared to the previous month (MoM). This decline mainly occurred in non-oil and gas exports, namely by 4.4% or US$0.6 billion.
The Minister stated that the decline in non-oil and gas exports in August 2020 was triggered by the decline in exports of several main Indonesian commodities, such as animal/vegetable fats and oils, mineral fuels, and precious metals, jewelry/gems. The decline in the export value of mineral fuels was due to the decline in coal prices. Meanwhile, the decline in animal/vegetable fats and oil products was due to a decrease in import demand from China, which is the export destination country for Indonesian crude palm oil (CPO) products.
Meanwhile, several non-oil and gas export products experienced significant monthly growth, namely metal ore, slag and ash (HS 26), iron and steel articles (HS 73), and vehicle parts and components (HS 87). The increase in the export value of metal ore, slag, and ash (26) was mainly triggered by a 74.92% surge in exports of copper ore and concentrate.
“Exports of metal ore, slag, and ash (HS 26) are mostly directed to China. Based on the country of destination, non-oil and gas exports to the UK, Vietnam, Taiwan, Italy, and Thailand also increased significantly. Optimism and positive sentiment from the consumer side and business actors in several countries have encouraged an increase in business activity,” Agus said.
Cumulatively, the Minister said that the value of non-oil and gas exports from January to August 2020 has decreased by 4.4% compared to the January-August 2019 period (YoY). Meanwhile, the volume fell sharply to 11.7%. Indonesia’s export performance still benefited from the global commodity which maintained its prices. The average price of global non-energy commodity groups in the January-August 2020 period decreased by only 1.7% YoY. This is better than the price of the energy commodity group, which fell by 34.5% YoY.
Meanwhile, the Minister explained that Indonesia’s imports in August 2020 were recorded at US$10.7 billion or an increase of 2.6% compared to July 2020 (MoM). “The increase in imports in August was due to an increase in imports of the consumer goods and raw/auxiliary materials categories, which were respectively 7.3% and 5.0% MoM. Meanwhile, imports of capital goods have decreased by 8.8%,” he said.
According to the Minister, several raw/auxiliary materials that experienced an increase in August 2020 included gold (45.2%), steel (23.3%), cereals (30.4%), as well as plastics and plastic goods (7.9%). The increase in gold imports was due to higher gold and precious metal prices.
The price of gold in August 2020 was recorded to have increased by 6.6% compared to July 2020. Meanwhile, the increase in imports of cereals was in order to meet the raw material needs of the food and beverage processing industry. “The growth rate of the food and beverage processing industry sector in the second quarter of 2020 increased by 1.87% compared to the previous quarter, or an increase of 0.22% compared to the same quarter in 2019 (YoY),” Agus said.
Indonesia’s total imports for the January-August 2020 period were recorded at US$92.1 billion or decreased by 18.1% compared to the same period of the previous year. In addition, the import volume also decreased by 6.6% compared to the same period of the previous year.
Products that experienced the largest decline in imports during January-August 2020 include machinery and mechanical equipment (HS 84); iron and steel (HS 72); vehicle parts and components (HS 87); plastics and plastic goods (HS 39); and electric machines/appliances (HS 85). “The decline in vehicle imports was due to reduced demand as an impact of large-scale social restrictions (PSBB). Meanwhile, the decline in imports of iron and steel, as well as machinery/mechanical aircraft was the result of the termination of infrastructure projects during the COVID-19 pandemic,” the Minister concluded. (Ministry of Trade PR/EN)
Translated by: Fairuzzamani Inayatillah
Reviewed by: Mia M. Bonaedy