Transportation Minister Urges Airlines to Adjust Price Ceiling
Minister of Transportation Budi Karya Sumadi on 15 May 2019 signed Ministerial Decree Number 106 of 2019 on Airfare Ceilings for Economy Class of Domestic Commercial Airlines which supersedes an earlier regulation, Ministerial Decree Number 72 of 2019 on Airfare Ceilings for Economy Class of Domestic Commercial Airlines.
According to the Minister, the adjusted regulation will take effect on 18 May 2019. “Airlines must follow the regulation,” he said in a statement (17/5).
Price ceiling and price floor for Domestic Commercial Airfare are mentioned in the appendix of the Decree. The figures are, among others: Jakarta – Surabaya Rp1,167,000 (price ceiling), Rp408,000 (price floor); Jakarta – Medan (Kualanamu) Rp1,799,000 (price ceiling), Rp630,000 (price floor); Jakarta – Palembang Rp840,000 (price ceiling), Rp295,000 (price floor); Jakarta – Semarang Rp796,000 (price ceiling), Rp279,000 (price floor); Jakarta – Solo Rp906,000 (price ceiling), Rp317,000 (price floor): Jakarta – Makassar Rp1,830,000 (price ceiling), Rp641,000 (price floor); Jakarta – Yogyakarta (Adisutipto) Rp860,000 (price ceiling), Rp301,000 (price floor); Jakarta – Lombok Praya Rp1,396,000 (price ceiling), Rp489,000 (price floor); Denpasar – Jakarta Rp1,431,000 (price ceiling), Rp501,000 (price floor).
The policy, the Minister added, was made after an evaluation of airfare which according to the passengers is too expensive even though the airfare did not violate the price ceiling stipulated by Ministry of Transportation.
“After we conducted the evaluation, it turned out that the airfare was not affordable for the public. We received many complaints from the public, tourism sector, and hospitality sector,” Budi said.
The Minister also revealed that the price ceiling policy has been discussed with Coordinating Minister for the Economy, the relevant stakeholders such as Ministry of State-Owned Enterprises, airlines, and other stakeholders.
“The best move is to adjust the price ceiling,” he said, adding that the airlines should adjust to the regulation and provide more affordable prices.
Budi also expressed hope that airlines would also give a choice to the public by providing airfares which are priced 50-80% of the price ceiling.
Previously, Director General of Civil Aviation Polana B. Pramesti has said that the amendment to the Minister of Transportation’s Decree on the price ceiling adjustments aims to meet public demand while also taking into account sustainability of the aviation industry, especially ahead of the 2019 annual exodus in the Eid Day holiday.
According to Polana, the 12-16% price ceiling reduction has taken into account substantial factors such as safety and security.
The increasingly good On-Time Performance (OTP) factor from the airlines, she added, was also one of the factors considered in making the decision on adjusting the price ceiling.
A good OTP from the airlines contributes to the efficiency of aircraft operations, namely fuel efficiency and also the efficiency of aircraft operating hours. The average OTP in January to March 2019 was 86.29%, higher from average OTP in the same period last year at 78.88%.
Polana further said that the airfares are volatile because they are influenced by many factors such as flight operating costs, passenger service charger, flight navigation services, taxes, insurance, and others. Some of these components are strongly affected by currency exchange rates, she added. (Ministry of Transportation PR/ES)
Translated by : Fairuzzamani Inayatillah
Edited by : Ridwan Ibadurrohman, M. Ersan Pamungkas