G20 Summit Ends with Adoption of Leaders’ Declaration
Date 1 November 2021
The G20 Summit in Rome, Italy has officially ended and adopted world leaders’ declaration on global economic issues and joint actions that can be performed by the G20 member countries.
“The Leaders’ Declaration consists of 61 paragraphs that cover 26 issues reflecting global economic challenges including the pandemic situation and what can be carried out together by the G20 member countries,” said Minister of Foreign Affairs Retno Marsudi in Glasgow, Scotland (31/10).
A number of issues mentioned in the declaration including health, energy and climate change, international travel, and digital economy.
In addition to the health aspect, Indonesia is one of the countries that proposed the establishment of a joint health and finance task force in order to help underdeveloped countries and developing countries in funding healthcare sector during the pandemic.
Retno further said that regarding the fields of energy and climate change, there was a heated discussion when the leaders were discussing about the target of carbon emission reduction and the time frame to reach net zero emission. All leaders in the end have agreed that international partnership is required for energy transition.
Furthermore, Indonesia has succeeded to include the Common But Differentiated Responsibilities (CBDR) principle in context of energy and climate change. By including the principle, the country emphasizes the importance of fulfilling climate finance commitment amounting to US$100 billion from developed countries to developing countries and the establishment of a digital economy working group. (PRESIDENTIAL SECRETARIAT/UN) (AP/MMB)