Remarks of President of the Republic of Indonesia on UN Climate Change Conference (COP26), 1 November 2021, at Scottish Event Campus, Glasgow, Scotland
Climate change is a major threat to global prosperity and development. Solidarity, partnership, cooperation, global collaboration are the key.
With such great natural potentials, Indonesia continues to contribute in tackling climate change. Deforestation rate have dropped significantly – the lowest in the last twenty years. Forest fires also fell by 82 percent in 2020. Indonesia has also started the rehabilitation of mangrove forests covering an area of 600,000 hectares until 2024 – the largest in the world.
In the period of 2010-2019, Indonesia also rehabilitated three million critical lands. The sector, which originally contributed 60 percent of Indonesia’s emissions, will reach a carbon net sink by 2030.
In the energy sector, we also keep moving forward. Indonesia continues the development of an electric car ecosystem, the construction of the largest solar power plant in Southeast Asia, the use of new and renewable energy including biofuels, as well as the development of clean energy-based industries, one of which is the construction of the world’s largest green industrial area in North Kalimantan province.
However, it is not enough.
Indonesia, as a country with large areas of green land and has the potential for reforestation and as a country with large areas of ocean that has the potential to contribute carbon, needs support and contributions from developed countries. Indonesia will continue to mobilize climate finance and innovative financing as well as hybrid financing, green bonds and green sukuk.
The climate finance with developed country partners is a game changer in mitigation and adaptation to the climate change in developing countries. Indonesia will be able to contribute more quickly to the world’s net-zero emissions.
The question is, how big is the contribution of developed countries to us? What technology transfer can be provided? This requires an action. An immediate implementation. In addition, the carbon market and carbon price must be part of efforts to address climate change issues. A carbon economy ecosystem that is transparent, integrity, inclusive and fair must be created.
As a closing statement in this Summit, on behalf of the Archipelago and Small Island State Forum (AIS), Indonesia is honored to circulate a joint statement with leaders of the AIS Forum. It is the AIS Forum’s commitment to continue to advance maritime cooperation and climate action at the UNFCCC.
I thank you. (EST/EP)